The Markets (as of market close September 11, 2015)
The stock market rebounded nicely from the prior week’s sell-off with each of the major indexes listed here posting positive gains last week. The Nasdaq was the leader, increasing 2.96% ahead of the previous week’s close, followed by the S&P 500 and the Dow. Nevertheless, market uncertainty abounds, as investors anxiously await news from this week’s Federal Reserve policymakers’ meeting relative to a potential interest rate hike.
The price of gold (COMEX) dropped again, selling at about $1,107.90 by late Friday afternoon compared to $1,122.30 a week earlier. Crude oil (WTI) prices remained relatively the same, selling at $44.78/barrel by week’s end. The national average retail regular gasoline price decreased to $2.437 per gallon on September 7, 2015, $0.073 under the previous week’s price of $2.510 per gallon and $1.02 below a year ago.
|Market/Index||2014 Close||Prior Week||As of 9/11||Weekly Change||YTD Change|
|10-year Treasuries||2.17%||2.12%||2.19%||7 bps||2 bps|
Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.
Last Week’s Headlines
- Job seekers apparently had more opportunities in July as the number of job openings increased to 5.75 million compared to a revised total of 5.32 million openings in June, according to a report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This is the highest level of job openings since December 2000. Professional and business services, accommodation and food services, and retail led the way. Interestingly, while the number of job openings increased, the number of actual hires edged lower to 4.98 million, down from June’s total of 5.18 million hires.
- For the week ended September 5, new claims for unemployment insurance decreased 6,000 to 275,000 from the prior week’s revised level. The seasonally adjusted insured unemployment rate remained at 1.7% for the week ended August 29, with 2.26 million continuing claims.
- The price of goods bought in the United States but produced abroad (import prices) fell 1.8% in August, while export prices–the price of goods produced domestically but sold abroad–dropped 1.4%, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The August decrease was primarily driven by lower fuel prices, although falling nonfuel prices and the continued strength of the dollar contributed to the decline as well. Compared to a year earlier, import prices are down 11.4%, while export prices are off 7%.
- The Producer Price Index, which measures the average change over time in prices received by domestic producers of goods and services, was unchanged in August, according to the latest report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. On an unadjusted basis, the final demand index moved down 0.8% for the 12 months ended in August–the seventh straight 12-month decline. In August, a 0.4% increase in the index for services offset a 0.6% decrease in prices for goods. These figures suggest that inflation remains relatively soft.
- Possibly sending a message to the Fed concerning a possible near-term interest rate hike, consumer sentiment dropped from 91.9 in August to 85.7 for the early part of September, according to the University of Michigan’s Index of Consumer Sentiment. Richard Curtin, chief economist for the Surveys of Consumers suggests, “To be sure, consumers still anticipate a weaker domestic economy due to the global slowdown and are less optimistic about future growth in jobs and wages than they were a few months ago.”
- According to the latest monthly budget report from the Department of the Treasury, the budget deficit for August stood at $64.4 billion–down from July’s $149 billion figure. Through 11 months of the government’s fiscal year, the deficit sits at about $530 billion compared to a $589.2 billion deficit for the same 11-month period last year.
Eye on the Week Ahead
This week, inflationary trends will be examined through reports on retail sales and the Consumer Price Index. But the big news will follow the FOMC meeting and whether interest rates will be raised.