What I’m Watching This Week – 16 September 2019

The Markets (as of market close September 13, 2019)

Stocks continue to rebound from their August declines, posting gains for the third week in a row. Each of the benchmark indexes listed here increased in value, led by the small caps of the Russell 2000, which climbed close to 5.0%. Trade tensions appeared to wane, at least for now, after China said that it wouldn’t impose tariffs on imports of certain U.S. agricultural goods. The European Central Bank initiated several stimulus measures, including an interest rate cut. Buoyed by these events, investors moved to stocks. Long-term bond yields soared as prices plummeted. The yield on 10-year Treasuries closed the week up 35 basis points. Year-to-date, the benchmark indexes are all well above their 2018 closing values.

Oil prices fell last week, closing at $54.82 per barrel by late Friday afternoon, down from the prior week’s price of $56.60. The price of gold (COMEX) fell for the third consecutive week, closing at $1,495.70 by late Friday afternoon, down from the prior week’s price of $1,514.70. The national average retail regular gasoline price was $2.550 per gallon on September 9, 2019, $0.013 lower than the prior week’s price and $0.283 less than a year ago.

Market/Index 2018 Close Prior Week As of 9/13 Weekly Change YTD Change
DJIA 23327.46 26797.46 27219.52 1.58% 16.68%
Nasdaq 6635.28 8103.07 8176.71 0.91% 23.23%
S&P 500 2506.85 2978.71 3007.39 0.96% 19.97%
Russell 2000 1348.56 1505.17 1578.14 4.85% 17.02%
Global Dow 2736.74 3014.51 3085.67 2.36% 12.75%
Fed. Funds target rate 2.25%-2.50% 2.00%-2.25% 2.00%-2.25% 0 bps -25 bps
10-year Treasuries 2.68% 1.55% 1.90% 35 bps -78 bps

Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.

Last Week’s Economic News

  • Inflationary pressures remain muted as the Consumer Price Index inched up 0.1% in August following a 0.3% bump in July. Over the last 12 months ended in August, the CPI has increased 1.7%. Energy prices fell 1.9%, pulled down by gasoline prices, which dropped 3.5%. The index less food and energy rose 0.3% in August, the same increase as in the previous two months. The index less food and energy rose 2.4% over the last 12 months, its largest 12-month increase since July 2018. Two of the biggest movers last month were prices for used cars and trucks, which increased 1.1%, and prices for medical care services, which jumped 0.9%.
  • Producers of goods and services saw prices creep up 0.1% in August, following a 0.2% increase in July and a 0.1% advance in June. For the 12 months ended in August, producer prices have risen 1.8%. Last month, goods prices actually fell 0.5%, the largest decrease since falling 0.6% in January. Falling energy prices accounted for over 80% of the drop. Prices for services climbed 0.3% last month, due in large part to a broad-based increase in prices for services less trade, transportation, and warehousing, which climbed 0.5%.
  • The August federal government budget deficit was $200 billion, up from the July deficit of $120 billion. Year-to-date, the deficit sits at $1,067 billion — $170 billion ahead of the deficit over the same period last year. Comparatively, total receipts ($3.088 billion) are ahead of total receipts last year ($2.985 billion). Total outlays ($4.155 billion) are above last year’s outlays ($3.883 billion).
  • Consumers upped their purchases of goods and services in August, according to the Census Bureau’s report on retail sales. A big increase in auto sales helped drive overall retail sales up 0.4% in August from the previous month, and 4.1% above August 2018. Retail sales excluding motor vehicles and parts showed no gain in August from July. Online retailers’ sales increased by 1.6% in August and are up 16% over a year ago.
  • A drop in fuel prices (-4.3%) sent import prices down 0.5% in August, according to the latest figures from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In a sign of global inflationary weakness, import prices declined 2.0% from August 2018. Prices for exports decreased 0.6% last month after increasing 0.2% in July. The August decline was driven by price decreases in both agricultural (foods, feeds, and beverages) and nonagricultural exports (industrial supplies and materials).
  • According to the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary, there were 7.2 million job openings at the end of July, little changed from June’s figures. The number of hires edged up to 6.0 million (5.7 million in June), and separations also increased to 5.8 million (5.5 million in June). The job openings level decreased in wholesale trade (-55,000) and in federal government (-11,000). The job openings level increased in information (+42,000) and in mining and logging (+11,000). Over the 12 months ended in July, hires totaled 69.6 million and separations totaled 67.0 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.6 million.
  • For the week ended September 7, there were 204,000 claims for unemployment insurance, a decrease of 15,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 2,000. According to the Department of Labor, the advance rate for insured unemployment claims remained at 1.2% for the week ended August 31. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended August 31 was 1,670,000, a decrease of 4,000 from the prior week’s level, which was revised up by 12,000.

Eye on the Week Ahead

All eyes will be on the midweek meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee. Following its last meeting in July, interest rates were lowered 25 basis points. Economic conditions haven’t changed much over the summer. President Trump is demanding that the Committee lower rates again. With the stock market rebounding over the last two weeks, it’s possible the Committee holds course until it meets again at the end of October.

Advertisements

What I’m Watching This Week – 9 September 2019

The Markets (as of market close September 6, 2019)

Stocks climbed last week following positive rhetoric from high-ranking Chinese officials who plan to meet for another round of trade discussions in Washington next month. This is welcome news for investors who saw the United States and China impose additional tariffs on September 1, with the plan for more of the same in December if negotiations prove fruitless. Optimistic investors pushed stock prices higher as each of the benchmark indexes listed here posted solid gains. Only the small caps of the Russell 2000 failed to gain at least 1.0% for the week. The large caps of the S&P 500 gained over 1.75%, as did the Nasdaq. The Global Dow enjoyed the highest weekly gain, climbing over 2.0%. Year-to-date, these last two weeks have pushed the indexes listed here notably higher, with each posting gains in excess of 10.0%. On the other hand, long-term bond yields jumped last week as bond sell-offs pulled prices lower.

Oil prices advanced last week, closing at $56.60 per barrel by late Friday afternoon, up from the prior week’s price of $55.16. The price of gold (COMEX) fell for the second consecutive week, closing at $1,514.70 by late Friday afternoon, down from the prior week’s price of $1,529.20. The national average retail regular gasoline price was $2.563 per gallon on September 2, 2019, $0.011 lower than the prior week’s price and $0.261 less than a year ago.

Market/Index 2018 Close Prior Week As of 9/6 Weekly Change YTD Change
DJIA 23327.46 26403.28 26797.46 1.49% 14.88%
Nasdaq 6635.28 7962.88 8103.07 1.76% 22.12%
S&P 500 2506.85 2926.46 2978.71 1.79% 18.82%
Russell 2000 1348.56 1494.84 1505.17 0.69% 11.61%
Global Dow 2736.74 2953.12 3014.51 2.08% 10.15%
Fed. Funds target rate 2.25%-2.50% 2.00%-2.25% 2.00%-2.25% 0 bps -25 bps
10-year Treasuries 2.68% 1.50% 1.55% 5 bps -113 bps

Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.

Last Week’s Economic News

  • There were 130,000 new jobs added in August and the unemployment rate remained unchanged at 3.7%, according to the latest figures from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The number of unemployed persons remained relatively the same at 6.0 million. The labor force participation rate edged up 0.2 percentage point to 63.2%, and the employment-population ratio, at 60.9%, also edged up 0.2 percentage point from July’s figure. Job growth has averaged 158,000 per month thus far this year, below the average monthly gain of 223,000 in 2018. In August, employment in federal government increased by 28,000, mostly due to the hiring of 25,000 temporary workers to prepare for the 2020 Census. Job gains were also seen in health care (+24,000), financial activities (+15,000), professional and business services (+37,000), and social assistance (+13,000). In August, average hourly earnings rose by $0.11 to $28.11, following $0.09 gains in both June and July. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 3.2%. Last month, the average workweek increased by 0.1 hour to 34.4 hours.
  • The international goods and services trade deficit was $54.0 billion in July, down $1.5 billion from the revised June total. July exports were $207.4 billion, $1.2 billion more than June exports. July imports were $261.4 billion, $0.4 billion less than June imports. Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit increased $28.2 billion, or 8.2%, from the same period in 2018. Exports decreased $3.4 billion, or 0.2%. Imports increased $24.9 billion, or 1.4%. Of note, the deficit with China decreased $0.5 billion to $29.6 billion in July. Exports decreased $0.3 billion to $9.3 billion, and imports decreased $0.8 billion to $39.0 billion.
  • According to the Markit survey of purchasing managers, manufacturers saw a further slowdown in growth in August. The IHS Markit final U.S. Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index™ posted 50.3 in August, its lowest reading since September 2009. According to the report, new orders for exports fell at the quickest pace since August 2009, which many firms linked to the trade war and tariffs.
  • The Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® followed the Markit survey, with respondents indicating that growth in manufacturing slowed significantly. New orders, production, employment, and deliveries each fell in August, while inventories and prices rose. With inflation remaining soft, this report, along with the Markit survey, may be enough to push the Fed to lower interest rates later this month.
  • Unlike the manufacturing sector, services expanded in August, according to the Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®. Non-manufacturing business activity, new orders, and prices increased last month. Only employment fell in August.
  • For the week ended August 31, there were 217,000 claims for unemployment insurance, an increase of 1,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 1,000. According to the Department of Labor, the advance rate for insured unemployment claims remained at 1.2% for the week ended August 24. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended August 24 was 1,662,000, a decrease of 39,000 from the prior week’s level, which was revised up by 3,000.

Eye on the Week Ahead

Inflationary readings are on tap this week with reports on the August Consumer Price Index, Producer Price Index, retail sales, and import and export prices. The ongoing U.S.-China trade war hasn’t had an apparent impact on prices for consumer goods and services, which have remained soft for much of the year.

What I’m Watching This Week – 3 September 2019

The Markets (as of market close August 30, 2019)

Stocks rebounded last week after China’s Ministry of Commerce indicated that China had no immediate intention to respond to President Trump’s latest threat of an additional round of tariff increases on imports of Chinese goods and services. The result was a surge in stock prices with each of the benchmark indexes listed here posted notable gains, led by the Dow, which eclipsed 3.0% in week-over-week gains. The Nasdaq, the S&P 500, and the Russell 2000 each increased well over 2.0%. Only the Global Dow failed to reach that mark, but came close at almost 1.9%.

Oil prices climbed last week, closing at $55.16 per barrel by late Friday afternoon, up from the prior week’s price of $53.89. The price of gold (COMEX) fell last week for the first time in several weeks, closing at $1,529.20 by late Friday afternoon, down from the prior week’s price of $1,537.20. The national average retail regular gasoline price was $2.574 per gallon on August 26, 2019, $0.024 lower than the prior week’s price and $0.253 less than a year ago.

Market/Index 2018 Close Prior Week As of 8/30 Weekly Change YTD Change
DJIA 23327.46 25628.90 26403.28 3.02% 13.19%
Nasdaq 6635.28 7751.77 7962.88 2.72% 20.01%
S&P 500 2506.85 2847.11 2926.46 2.79% 16.74%
Russell 2000 1348.56 1459.49 1494.84 2.42% 10.85%
Global Dow 2736.74 2898.73 2953.12 1.88% 7.91%
Fed. Funds target rate 2.25%-2.50% 2.00%-2.25% 2.00%-2.25% 0 bps -25 bps
10-year Treasuries 2.68% 1.52% 1.50% -2 bps -118 bps

Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.

Last Week’s Economic News

  • The economy grew at a rate of 2.0% in the second quarter, according to the second estimate of the gross domestic product. The first estimate projected a 2.1% growth rate. The economy grew at a 3.1% rate in the first quarter of 2019. Gross domestic income (the sum of incomes earned and costs incurred in the production of GDP) increased 2.1% in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 3.2% in the first quarter. The downward revision in the second estimate is primarily attributable to declining exports and lower corporate investment. Consumer spending increased from an initial estimate of 4.4% to a revised 4.7%. Prices for consumer goods and services increased 2.2% in the second quarter compared to a 0.8% bump in the first quarter. Overall, inflation remains stagnant, while a strong labor market is allowing consumers to spend more, somewhat masking weakness in global growth, exports, and domestic manufacturing.
  • Consumer spending rose last month, while prices remained relatively flat. According to the latest figures from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, personal income increased a scant 0.1% in July, but personal consumption expenditures jumped 0.6%. Prices for consumer goods and services inched up 0.2% in July and are up 1.4% over the last 12 months ended in July (well below the Fed’s 2.0% target inflation rate).
  • In a positive note for the manufacturing sector, new orders for long-lasting durable goods advanced 2.1% in July following a 1.8% gain in June. Transportation equipment drove the July increase, jumping 7.0% in July. Excluding transportation, new orders for durable goods actually decreased 0.4%. Shipments dropped 1.1% in July after two consecutive monthly increases, as transportation shipments fell 2.1%. Unfilled orders reversed a negative trend, advancing 0.1% in July following three consecutive monthly decreases. Inventories continue to increase, up 0.4% in July after jumping 0.3% in June. Another positive note from the report is the 5.0% gain in new orders for nondefense capital goods, or equipment used in private industry for producing consumer goods or services.
  • The international trade deficit was $72.3 billion in July, down $1.8 billion from $74.2 billion in June. Exports of goods for July were $137.3 billion, $0.9 billion more than June exports. Imports of goods for July were $209.7 billion, $0.9 billion less than June imports.
  • For the week ended August 24, there were 215,000 claims for unemployment insurance, an increase of 4,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 2,000. According to the Department of Labor, the advance rate for insured unemployment claims remained at 1.2% for the week ended August 17. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended August 17 was 1,698,000, an increase of 22,000 from the prior week’s level, which was revised up by 2,000.

Eye on the Week Ahead

Manufacturing activity has been slow over the summer and is not expected to pick up in August, based on purchasing managers’ sentiments. On the other hand, employment has been steady. August’s employment data is out at the end of the week. While the total number of new jobs added last month is expected to be in line with prior months, wage growth is also likely to show minimal advancement.

What I’m Watching This Week – 26 August 2019

The Markets (as of market close August 23, 2019)

Stock gains enjoyed earlier last week were lost by week’s end on ramped-up trade war rhetoric from the White House. Stocks surged earlier in the week on favorable earnings reports from some major retailers and a renewed commitment from the Federal Reserve to act accordingly in heading off a possible recession. Following China’s announcement that it would raise tariffs on U.S. imports, including a 25% tax on American-made autos, President Trump fired back, ordering domestic companies to start looking for an alternative to China. By last Friday, each of the benchmark indexes fell notably, led by the Russell 2000, which dropped over 2.25%, and the Nasdaq, which lost almost 2.00%.

Oil prices fell last week, closing at $53.89 per barrel by late Friday afternoon, down from the prior week’s price of $54.94. The price of gold (COMEX) advanced again last week, closing at $1,537.20 by late Friday afternoon, up from the prior week’s price of $1,523.60. The national average retail regular gasoline price was $2.598 per gallon on August 19, 2019, $0.026 lower than the prior week’s price and $0.223 less than a year ago.

Market/Index 2018 Close Prior Week As of 8/23 Weekly Change YTD Change
DJIA 23327.46 25886.01 25628.90 -0.99% 9.87%
Nasdaq 6635.28 7895.99 7751.77 -1.83% 16.83%
S&P 500 2506.85 2888.68 2847.11 -1.44% 13.57%
Russell 2000 1348.56 1493.64 1459.49 -2.29% 8.23%
Global Dow 2736.74 2916.65 2898.73 -0.61% 5.92%
Fed. Funds target rate 2.25%-2.50% 2.00%-2.25% 2.00%-2.25% 0 bps -25 bps
10-year Treasuries 2.68% 1.53% 1.52% -1 bps -1.16 bps

Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.

Last Week’s Economic News

  • Sales of existing homes rebounded in July, advancing 2.5% from their June total. Overall, sales of existing homes are up 0.6% from a year ago. The median home price was $280,800 in July, up 4.3% from last July but down from June’s record high of $285,700. Total existing housing inventory fell 1.6% from June, representing a 4.2-month supply of unsold inventory at the current sales pace. According to Freddie Mac, the average commitment rate for a 30-year, conventional, fixed-rate mortgage decreased to 3.77% in July, down from 3.80% in June. The average commitment rate across all of 2018 was 4.54%. Sales of single-family homes increased by 2.7% in July over June.
  • Unlike sales of existing homes, new home sales plummeted in July, according to the Census Bureau. Sales of new single-family homes fell 12.8% in July from June’s pace, but are still 4.3% ahead of last year’s totals. The median sales price of new houses sold in July 2019 was $312,800. The average sales price was $388,000. There were 337,000 new houses for sale at the end of July, which represents a supply of 6.4 months at the current sales rate.
  • For the week ended August 17, there were 209,000 claims for unemployment insurance, a decrease of 12,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 1,000. According to the Department of Labor, the advance rate for insured unemployment claims remained at 1.2% for the week ended August 10. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended August 10 was 1,674,000, a decrease of 54,000 from the prior week’s level, which was revised up by 2,000.

Eye on the Week Ahead

The updated gross domestic product report for the second quarter is out this week. The initial release showed the economy advanced at a rate of 2.1%. With more economic information available, this latest iteration may show more second-quarter growth than initially reported. The G7 meetings wrap up this week, which could offer insight into the direction of the ongoing trade war between the United States and China.

What I’m Watching This Week – 19 August 2019

The Markets (as of market close August 16, 2019)

Volatility is the best term to describe stocks last week. Despite a Friday surge, each of the benchmark indexes listed here fell for the third consecutive week. Wednesday proved to be the most tumultuous day, as stocks suffered a major pullback. Long-term bond yields plunged below that of the two-year note. This “inversion” has historical precedence as a warning of an impending recession. That, coupled with ramped-up trade war rhetoric between the United States and China, pushed stocks lower during the week. Year-to-date, the major indexes listed here continue to run ahead of their 2018 year-end closing values, but the margin is narrowing. Still, the tech-heavy Nasdaq is almost 20% ahead of last year’s closing value, followed by the S&P 500, the Dow, the Russell 2000, and the Global Dow, which is still over 6.50% ahead of last year’s closing pace.

Oil prices crept ahead last week, closing at $54.94 per barrel by late Friday afternoon, up from the prior week’s price of $54.27. The price of gold (COMEX) advanced again last week, closing at $1,523.60 by late Friday afternoon, up from the prior week’s price of $1,509.10. The national average retail regular gasoline price was $2.624 per gallon on August 12, 2019, $0.064 lower than the prior week’s price and $0.219 less than a year ago.

Market/Index 2018 Close Prior Week As of 8/16 Weekly Change YTD Change
DJIA 23327.46 26287.44 25886.01 -1.53% 10.97%
Nasdaq 6635.28 7959.14 7895.99 -0.79% 19.00%
S&P 500 2506.85 2918.65 2888.68 -1.03% 15.23%
Russell 2000 1348.56 1513.04 1493.64 -1.28% 10.76%
Global Dow 2736.74 2967.60 2916.65 -1.72% 6.57%
Fed. Funds target rate 2.25%-2.50% 2.00%-2.25% 2.00%-2.25% 0 bps -25 bps
10-year Treasuries 2.68% 1.73% 1.53% -20 bps -1.15 bps

Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.

Last Week’s Economic News

  • Consumer prices rose 0.3% in July after advancing 0.1% the prior month. Over the last 12 months ended in July, consumer prices have increased 1.8%. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2% over the last 12 months. In July, energy prices rose 1.3% with gasoline prices jumping 2.5%. Also gaining price momentum last month were apparel (+0.4%), shelter (+0.3%), transportation services (+0.3%), and medical care services (+0.5%). New vehicles fell (-0.2%), as did utility gas service (-1.8%). Overall, accelerating consumer prices may strengthen the argument against further interest rate cuts.
  • The government deficit was $119.7 billion in July — significantly greater than the July 2018 deficit of $76.9 billion. Year-to-date, the deficit sits at $866.8 billion, about 27% higher than the deficit over the comparable period last year.
  • Global inflation remained stagnant in July. Prices for U.S. imports and exports increased 0.2% in July following declines of 1.1% and 0.6%, respectively, in June. Despite July’s price increase, import prices have declined 1.8% over the past 12 months ended in July. Driving the monthly import price increase was a 1.8% jump in fuel prices. Excluding fuel, import prices edged down 0.1% last month. Agricultural exports rebounded in July, advancing 0.4% after falling 2.5% the prior month. Over the past 12 months ended in July, export prices are down 0.9%.
  • Retail sales increased 0.7% in July from the previous month and are 3.4% ahead of last July’s pace. In July, retailers saw sales increase in electronics and appliance stores, food and beverage stores, gasoline stations, and food services and drinking places. Nonstore (online) retail sales jumped 2.8% last month, and are up 16.0% from July 2018.
  • Industrial production declined 0.2% in July. Manufacturing output decreased 0.4% last month and has fallen more than 1.5% since December 2018. Manufacturing of business equipment fell 0.4% with machinery declining 1.1%. Mining output dropped 1.8%, largely because of an interruption in mining in the Gulf of Mexico due to Hurricane Barry. Utilities rose 3.1%. Total industrial production was 0.5% higher in July than it was a year earlier.
  • Building permits and home completions rose in July, advancing 8.4% and 7.2%, respectively. Housing starts lagged in July, falling 4.0% below their June totals. The ramp-up in home completions may explain the drop in housing starts. However, with the increase in building permits, housing starts should rebound in August.
  • For the week ended August 10, there were 220,000 claims for unemployment insurance, an increase of 9,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 2,000. According to the Department of Labor, the advance rate for insured unemployment claims remained at 1.2% for the week ended August 3. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended August 3 was 1,726,000, an increase of 39,000 from the prior week’s level, which was revised up by 3,000.

Eye on the Week Ahead

July’s figures on new and existing home sales are out this week. Sales of new homes picked up significantly in June while existing home sales fell.

What I’m Watching This Week – 12 August 2019

The Markets (as of market close August 9, 2019)

Fearful that the ongoing trade war between the United States and China could slow economic growth at home and abroad, investors have pulled money from stocks and adopted a “wait-and-see” approach. Not only has the trade war impacted the market, but further interest rate cuts by the Federal Reserve that were anticipated earlier this summer, now may not be in the offing. While the benchmark indexes are still well ahead of their 2018 year-end values, they’re only marginally up from where they were this time last year. Compared to a year earlier, the Dow is 3.3% ahead, the S&P 500 is up 3.5%, the Nasdaq is up 2.9%, while the Russell 2000 (-9.0%) and the Global Dow (-3.8%) are behind last year’s pace. Money has poured into long-term bonds driving prices higher and yields lower.

Oil prices fell again last week, closing at $54.27 per barrel by late Friday afternoon, down from the prior week’s price of $55.23. The price of gold (COMEX) continued to climb last week, closing at $1,509.10 by late Friday afternoon, up from the prior week’s price of $1,452.70. The national average retail regular gasoline price was $2.688 per gallon on August 5, 2019, $0.027 lower than the prior week’s price and $0.164 less than a year ago.

Market/Index 2018 Close Prior Week As of 8/9 Weekly Change YTD Change
DJIA 23327.46 26485.01 26287.44 -0.75% 12.69%
Nasdaq 6635.28 8004.07 7959.14 -0.56% 19.95%
S&P 500 2506.85 2932.05 2918.65 -0.46% 16.43%
Russell 2000 1348.56 1533.66 1513.04 -1.34% 12.20%
Global Dow 2736.74 3005.80 2967.60 -1.27% 8.44%
Fed. Funds target rate 2.25%-2.50% 2.00%-2.25% 2.00%-2.25% 0 bps -25 bps
10-year Treasuries 2.68% 1.85% 1.73% -12 bps -95 bps

Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.

Last Week’s Economic News

  • Prices at the producer level were generally soft in July. The Producer Price Index advanced 0.2% in July after inching up 0.1% in both June and May. Producer prices, less foods, energy, and trade services, fell 0.1% in July — the first such decline since October 2015. Over the 12 months ended in July, the PPI rose 1.7%. Prices for goods increased 0.4%, while prices for services fell 0.1% last month. Driving goods prices higher was a 2.3% increase in energy prices, particularly gasoline prices, which spiked 5.2% in July.
  • The services (non-manufacturing) sector slowed in July, according to the latest report from the Institute for Supply Management®. The non-manufacturing index fell 1.4 percentage points to its lowest reading since August 2016. Within the services sector, business activity, new orders, and prices fell in July from the prior month. Only employment increased last month.
  • According to the Job Openings and Labor Turnover report, on the last business day of June, the job openings level was little changed at 7.3 million. The job openings rate was 4.6% (4.7% in May). Job openings increased in real estate and rental and leasing (38,000), as well as state and local government education (20,000). Total hires (5.7 million) and separations (5.5 million) were little changed in June from the prior month. Over the 12 months ended in June, hires totaled 69.4 million and separations totaled 66.9 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.5 million.
  • For the week ended August 3, there were 209,000 claims for unemployment insurance, a decrease of 8,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 2,000. According to the Department of Labor, the advance rate for insured unemployment claims remained at 1.2% for the week ended July 27. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended July 27 was 1,684,000, a decrease of 15,000 from the prior week’s level.

Eye on the Week Ahead

Important economic reports that are out this week include the Treasury budget, the Consumer Price Index, and industrial production. Compared to last year, the government deficit has been running about 23% higher as we near the end of the fiscal year. Inflation has been stagnant for much of the year as evidenced by the CPI, which is up only 1.6% since June 2018. While manufacturing picked up a bit last month, overall, industrial production has been weak, up only 1.3% from June 2018.

What I’m Watching This Week – 5 August 2019

The Markets (as of market close August 2, 2019)

Not even a strong labor report could save stocks from tumbling last week, likely in response to President Trump’s tweet that he intended to raise tariffs on an additional $300 billion worth of Chinese imports beginning next month. Trading volume spiked last week as did volatility, with the Cboe Volatility Index® hitting its highest level since May. Rising trade tensions between the economic giants sent global stocks reeling while bond prices soared, sending yields plummeting. Each of the benchmark indexes listed here lost at least 2.60% last week, with the Nasdaq falling almost 4.00%.

Oil prices fell last week, closing at $55.23 per barrel by late Friday afternoon, down from the prior week’s price of $56.17. The price of gold (COMEX) spiked last week, closing at $1,452.70 by late Friday afternoon, up from the prior week’s price of $1,418.40. The national average retail regular gasoline price was $2.715 per gallon on July 29, 2019, $0.035 lower than the prior week’s price and $0.131 less than a year ago.

Market/Index 2018 Close Prior Week As of 8/2 Weekly Change YTD Change
DJIA 23327.46 27192.45 26485.01 -2.60% 13.54%
Nasdaq 6635.28 8330.21 8004.07 -3.92% 20.63%
S&P 500 2506.85 3025.86 2932.05 -3.10% 16.96%
Russell 2000 1348.56 1578.97 1533.66 -2.87% 13.73%
Global Dow 2736.74 3104.51 3005.80 -3.18% 9.83%
Fed. Funds target rate 2.25%-2.50% 2.25%-2.50% 2.00%-2.25% -25 bps -25 bps
10-year Treasuries 2.68% 2.00% 1.85% -15 bps -83 bps

Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.

Last Week’s Economic News

  • For the first time since 2008, the Federal Open Market Committee voted to lower interest rates. Following its July 31 meeting, the FOMC decided to lower the target range for the federal funds rate 25 basis points to 2.00%-2.25%. The Committee vote was not unanimous as 2 of the 10 members voted against a rate reduction. In any case, after noting that economic activity has been rising at a moderate rate, job gains have been solid, household spending has picked up, and the unemployment rate has remained low, the Committee noted that growth of business fixed investment has been soft and inflation is running below the Committee’s 2.00% target. Also of note, the Committee specifically referenced for the first time “global developments for the economic outlook” as a reason for lowering the target range for the federal funds rate.
  • Employment rose by 164,000 jobs in July, and the unemployment rate remained at 3.7%. In 2018, employment gains had averaged 223,000 per month. In July, notable job gains occurred in professional and technical services (31,000), health care (30,000), social assistance (20,000), and financial activities (18,000). There were approximately 6.1 million unemployed in July, 88,000 more than in June. In July, the labor force participation rate was 63.0%, and the employment-population ratio was 60.7%. The average workweek decreased by 0.1 hour to 34.3 hours in July. Average hourly earnings rose by $0.08 to $27.98 last month — the same hourly increase as occurred in June. Over the past 12 months ended in July, average hourly earnings have increased by 3.2%.
  • The trade deficit was $55.2 billion in June, down $0.2 billion from May’s revised deficit. Both imports (-$4.6 billion) and exports (-$4.4 billion) fell from their May respective totals. Year-to-date, the goods, and services deficit increased $23.2 billion, or 7.9%, from the same period in 2018. In June, goods trade deficits were noted with China ($30.2 billion), the European Union ($15.9 billion), Mexico ($9.2 billion), and Japan ($6.2 billion). Trade surpluses were with South and Central America ($4.8 billion), Hong Kong ($2.3 billion), Brazil ($1.3 billion), and the United Kingdom ($0.1 billion).
  • Not unexpectedly, June saw prices for consumer products and services remain stable while consumer spending remained solid. According to the latest report from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index, which measures changes in prices of consumer goods and services, inched up 0.1% in June over May. Excluding food and energy, consumer prices rose 0.2% in June. Personal income jumped 0.4% as did after-tax, or disposable, personal income. With a boost in income and low prices for goods and services, consumers spent more. PCE increased 0.3% in June. Much of the increase in consumer spending was attributable to nondurable goods and services. Consumers actually spent less on durable goods (expected to last at least three years).
  • According to Markit’s survey, manufacturing firms continued to see a slowdown in July. The purchasing managers’ index last month fell to its lowest level since September 2009 with exports contracting for the second time in the last three months. Survey respondents noted softer demand for goods and muted business growth.
  • The ISM® purchasing managers’ index also fell in July from a month earlier, dropping from 51.7% to 51.2%. Production, employment, and prices fell last month, but new orders, supplier deliveries, and inventories increased, which is a good start for August.
  • For the week ended July 27, there were 215,000 claims for unemployment insurance, an increase of 8,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 1,000. According to the Department of Labor, the advance rate for insured unemployment claims remained at 1.2% for the week ended July 20. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended July 20 was 1,699,000, an increase of 22,000 from the prior week’s level, which was revised up by 1,000.

Eye on the Week Ahead

Following last week’s busy schedule of economic reports, this week does not include a lot of market-moving information. The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) is expected to reveal similar job openings in June as existed in May. Another report of note, the Producer Price Index, saw producer prices increase slightly in June. It would not be surprising if prices showed no change in July.