The Markets (as of market close July 22, 2016)
The S&P 500 reached a record high last Friday as each of the indexes listed here posted marginal gains over the prior week. Equities have demonstrated a positive trend over the past several weeks. The Nasdaq eclipsed its previous high only to slip a bit by week’s end. While the indexes continue to forge ahead, overall trading has been light. Across the “pond” the UK’s economy has likely contracted in July, according to IHS Markit’s Purchasing Managers’ Index, which showed businesses responding to the uncertainty of Brexit by cutting output and payrolls.
Crude oil (WTI) closed at $44.21 a barrel last week, down from $46.28 per barrel the previous week. The price of gold (COMEX) fell to $1,330.30 by late Friday afternoon, dropping from the prior week’s price of $1,337.70. The national average retail regular gasoline price decreased for the fifth week in a row to $2.230 per gallon on July 18, $0.023 under the prior week’s price and $0.572 below a year ago.
|Market/Index||2015 Close||Prior Week||As of 7/22||Weekly Change||YTD Change|
|Fed. Funds rate target||0.25%-0.50%||0.25%-0.50%||0.25%-0.50%||0 bps||0 bps|
|10-year Treasuries||2.26%||1.54%||1.56%||2 bps||-70 bps|
Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.
Last Week’s Headlines
- June was a good month for new home construction as the number of building permits, housing starts, and new home completions each eclipsed their respective May totals. Building permits for housing units and single family homes were up 1.5% and 1.0%, respectively. Housing starts, marked by the beginning of construction, increased by 4.8% for all housing units and 4.4% for single family housing. Housing completions were 12.3% ahead of May (single-family completions gained only 3.7%). Increasing demand and low inventory have promoted home building, which may be a sign of economic growth.
- Sales of existing homes also improved in June, according to the National Association of Realtors®. Closings for existing homes (including single family homes, townhomes, condominiums, and co-ops) climbed 1.1% to an annual rate of 5.57 million from a downwardly revised 5.51 million in May. Over the last 12 months, existing home sales are up 3.0%–the highest level since 2007. According to the NAR, sustained job growth and lower mortgage rates are factors driving home sales. The median existing home price for all housing types in June was $247,700–up 4.8% from last June and 3.7% ahead of May’s median price. Available inventory remains an issue for homebuyers as it dipped 0.9% to 2.12 million, which is 5.8% lower than a year ago.
- Builders remained cautiously optimistic about the newly built, single-family home market in July, according to the latest survey from the National Association of Home Builders. The Housing Market Index, based on respondents’ feedback, fell 1 point to 59 from June’s index of 60. An index reading above 50 indicates generally favorable expectations.
- According to the Markit Flash U.S. Manufacturing PMI™, the Purchasing Managers’ Index™ was 52.9 in July, up from 51.3 in June. This reading signals solid improvement in overall business conditions, with the latest reading the strongest since October 2015. Manufacturing output, new orders, and employment continue to rise.
- In the week ended July 16, the advance figure for seasonally adjusted initial unemployment insurance claims was 253,000, a decrease of 1,000 from the prior week’s level. The advance seasonally adjusted insured unemployment rate dropped to 1.5%. The advance number for seasonally adjusted insured unemployment during the week ended July 9 was 2,128,000, a decrease of 25,000 from the previous week’s revised level.
Eye on the Week Ahead
This week is an important one for economic news. The FOMC meets and may consider raising interest rates based on the surging stock market, slowly advancing inflation, and the rebounding employment situation. Also, the latest figures on the second-quarter gross domestic product are released at the end of the week.