The Markets (as of market close June 1, 2018)
Last Friday’s strong jobs report provided the impetus for a strong finish to the week, as the indexes were able to recoup some of their early week losses. The small-cap Russell 2000 and the tech-heavy Nasdaq led the way, posting solid weekly gains. On the other hand, the large-cap Dow declined, as did the Global Dow. The broader S&P 500 managed to close last week ahead by about 0.50%. The week was full of mixed news for investors, starting with the potential for tariff wars between the United States and some of its long-standing trade partners. Investor uneasiness was also attributable to political drama in Italy and, to a lesser degree, Spain. In Italy, after much political wrangling, a coalition government took control, naming a political novice, Giuseppe Conte, as prime minister. Spain also ushered in a new government after removing Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy and replacing him with Pedro Sanchez.
The price of crude oil (WTI) fell again last week, closing at $65.72 per barrel, down from the prior week’s closing price of $67.50 per barrel. The price of gold (COMEX) fell to $1,298.00 by early Friday evening, down from the prior week’s price of $1,306.50. The national average retail regular gasoline price increased to $2.962 per gallon on May 28, 2018, $0.039 higher than the prior week’s price and $0.556 more than a year ago.
|Market/Index||2017 Close||Prior Week||As of 6/1||Weekly Change||YTD Change|
|Fed. Funds target rate||1.25%-1.50%||1.50%-1.75%||1.50%-1.75%||0 bps||25 bps|
|10-year Treasuries||2.41%||2.92%||2.90%||-2 bps||49 bps|
Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.
Last Week’s Economic Headlines
- May proved to be a big hiring month with 223,000 new jobs added, while the unemployment rate edged down 0.1 percentage point to 3.8%. The total number of unemployed dropped from 6.34 million in April to 6.07 million in May. Over the year, the unemployment rate was down by 0.5 percentage point, and the number of unemployed persons declined by 772,000. Notable job gains occurred in retail trade (31,000), health care (29,000), construction (25,000), professional and technical services (23,000), transportation and warehousing (19,000), and manufacturing (18,000). The average workweek remained at 34.5 hours. Average hourly earnings grew by $0.08 to $26.92. Over the year, average hourly earnings have increased by $0.71, or 2.7%.
- Gross domestic product increased at an annual rate of 2.2% in the first quarter of 2018, according to the second estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter of 2017, GDP increased at an annual rate of 2.9%. The deceleration in the first-quarter GDP reflected decreases in personal consumption expenditures; exports; federal, state, and local government spending; and residential fixed investment. Gross domestic income increased 2.8% in the first quarter, compared with an increase of 1.0% in the fourth quarter.
- Consumers’ income and spending increased in April. Personal (pre-tax) income increased by 0.3% and disposable (after-tax) personal income climbed 0.4% in April. Personal consumption expenditures jumped 0.6% for the month. Much of the increase in consumer spending is attributable to rising gas prices, as core PCE (less food and energy) increased by only 0.2%. Consumer prices nudged up 0.2% in April and are up 2.0% over the last 12 months. Core prices have risen 1.8% for the year.
- According to the IHS Markit final U.S. Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index™ (PMI™) report, the manufacturing sector followed its April surge with sharp increases in new orders, new business, and output in May. The rate of growth for new orders was the second-fastest since September 2014 (after April 2018).
- The May 2018 Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® was in line with the Markit results. Manufacturing expanded in May over April, as did new orders, production, employment, prices, and deliveries. As expected with greater demand, inventories fell a bit.
- The international trade deficit was $68.2 billion in April, down $0.4 billion from $68.6 billion in March. Exports of goods for April were $139.6 billion, $0.7 billion less than March exports. Imports of goods for April were $207.8 billion, $1.1 billion less than March imports.
- The Conference Board Consumer Confidence Index® increased in May, following a modest decline in April. Consumers’ assessment of current conditions improved in May. Consumers were modestly more positive about the short-term economic outlook last month.
- In the week ended May 26, there were 221,000 initial claims for unemployment insurance, a decrease of 13,000 from the previous week’s level. The advance insured unemployment rate remained at 1.2%. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended May 19 was 1,726,000, a decrease of 16,000 from the prior week’s level, which was revised up by 1,000.
Eye on the Week Ahead
Market volatility is expected to continue as investors monitor ongoing geopolitical developments. Apparently, the summit with North Korea is back on for June 12 — at least for now. Otherwise, this week is relatively slow with respect to economic reports.
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